ICD vs. Pacemaker: What’s the Difference?

Guide Sections: Implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD) and pacemakers are both medical devices that treat irregular heart rhythms, known as arrhythmias. These devices are surgically placed inside the body and help make sure the heart beats at a steady pace that meets an individual’s needs. They each work in different ways, which are important to discern…

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What CPR Stands For & How To Perform It


What is CPR? The American Heart Association has identified CPR as an essential link in the chain of survival for victims of Sudden Cardiac Arrest (SCA). SCA can strike anywhere at any time and victims of SCA must be treated immediately. If CPR is performed immediately, it can double or triple the chance of survival from an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). Being…

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High-Quality CPR: Overview & Components To Measure It

high quality cpr

What is High-Quality CPR? High-quality CPR is cardiopulmonary resuscitation that meets performance metrics set by international resuscitation guidelines. When a patient in cardiac arrest receives high-quality CPR, their chances of survival and neurological outcomes improve. In fact, high-quality CPR makes it up to four times more likely that a victim neurologically recovers. Always remember to ensure the…

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Wearable Cardioverter Defibrillator

what is wcd

Defibrillation is the only therapy to treat someone in cardiac arrest. Every minute that a person in Sudden Cardiac Arrest (SCA) does not receive defibrillation, their chances of survival drop by 7-10%, making rapid defibrillation imperative for survival and one of the key steps in saving a life from SCA. Wearable Cardioverter Defibrillators (WCDs) are a newer…

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New Study: Race & Socioeconomic Standing Affect Bystander CPR & AED Use

Race & Socioeconomic Standing Affect Bystander CPR & AED Use

Outcomes for victims of cardiac arrest in Black, Latinx, and poorer communities lag  A recent study published in the American Heart Association’s journal Circulation and conducted by researchers at The University of Texas Health Sciences Center at Houston found marked underutilization and low awareness of AEDs and CPR in marginalized communities. These findings further highlight an important, long-standing gap…

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Hands-Only CPR: What It Is & How To Perform It

what to do before giving cpr

Imagine being out enjoying a day at the mall when you suddenly hear someone scream. You turn to see a person collapsed on the ground, not moving. People have begun to gather around. Some are even filming the scene on their cell phones. Nobody appears to be taking action while they wait for paramedics to…

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Targeted Temperature Management (TTM) After Cardiac Arrest: An Overview

TTM Therapeutic Hypothermia

Targeted Temperature Management (TTM) is a technique that is sometimes used after cardiac arrest to lower a patient’s body temperature in an effort to reduce injury and improve outcomes. What Is Targeted Temperature Management (TTM)? When a patient goes into cardiac arrest, early interventions aim to achieve a return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC). During cardiac arrest, the…

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What is the Bystander Effect?

bystander Effect

The bystander effect refers to reluctance by witnesses to help a person in distress such as a medical emergency, when there are other people present. In the context of Sudden Cardiac Arrest (SCA), bystanders may refrain from dialing 911, offering CPR, or using an AED on the person in need.   Common Reasons for Bystander Hesitancy…

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Telecommunicator CPR (T-CPR): Meaning, Challenges & Outcomes

what is T CPR illustration - calling 911

For people who experience Sudden Cardiac Arrest (SCA), the first line of help is often a bystander, or a loved one in their home who sees they are in trouble and calls 911. Since cardiac arrest usually occurs suddenly, often the first people to help are bystanders with no medical training. Even without medical training, laypeople can…

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Study Indicates AEDs are Saving Lives in Schools

Avive School AED

Placement of automated external defibrillators (AEDs) in schools is an efficient way to curb out-of-hospital sudden cardiac arrest (OHCA) deaths if a recent study carried out by researchers at New York University College of Nursing is to go by. Schools represent one of the most important frontiers in the fight against (OHCA). In the US, health organizations…

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